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UGC NET Philosophy 2024 Exam

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About UGC NET Philosophy Exam

National Testing Agency (NTA) has uploaded the UGC NET 2023 notification along with exam registration dates and exam dates on its official website. NTA has released the UGC NET 2023 Notification PDF for June-2023 Examination for the post of Assistant Professor and Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) on 10th May 2023. NTA will conduct UGC NET 2023 exam for eligibility for JRF and Assistant Professor in 83 subjects. in CBT mode. Aspirants can check all the detailed information related to UGC NET 2023 June cycle.

UGC NET Philosophy Exam Date

The UGC NET exam date 2023 for the UGC NET's June cycle has been notified on the official website along with UGC NET Notification 2023. The UGC NET 2023 online CBT exam was held from the 13th to the 22nd of June 2023. Check the important dates for UGC NET 2023 as mentioned below. 

Events Dates
UGC NET Notification 10th May 2023
Release of Application form 10th May 2023
UGC NET Application Form Last Date 31st May 2023 (up to 5 pm)
Last date to Pay Fee 01st June 2023 (upto 11:50 P.M)
Correction of Application Form  02nd – 03rd June 2023 (upto 11:50 P.M)
UGC NET Admit Card 2023 10th June 2023
UGC NET 2023 Exam Dates 13th to 22nd June 2023
UGC NET Answer Key 2023 06th July 2023 
UGC NET Result 2023 25th July 2023 
Official website 

UGC NET Philosophy Eligibility

Age Limit 

Age criteria that candidates need to have in order to be eligible for the exam is as follows:

  • To apply for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) Candidates should not be aged more than 31 years as of June 01, 2022.
  • For the role of Assistant Professor, there is no age bar to apply
  • SC/ST/OBC/PwD and women candidates will be given a relaxation of five years. Candidates who have research experience will be given relaxation, limited to the period spent on research in the relevant subject of Post Graduation degree.

Age Limit for Assistant Professor

The candidates who are appearing for the UGC NET Exam for the post of Assistant professor only do not have to adhere to any upper limit pertaining to the age criteria.

Age Limit for JRF

The candidates applying for the UGC NET Exam 2022 for the post of JRF should not exceed the age of 31 years as of June 01, 2022. The candidates are also offered several relaxations based on the category they belong to. The candidates will not be eligible for the position if they cross the upper age limit set for the category they belong to.

Age Relaxation


Age Relaxation (in years)



Females of all categories


Candidates holding LLM degree


Candidates in armed forces


Educational Qualification

Candidates need to obtain the below given educational qualification in order to be eligible for the UGC NET exam. Read them thoroughly before applying for the same:

  • Candidates should secure at least 55% marks in master’s degree exam candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC)/Scheduled Tribe (ST)/Other Backward Class (OBC)/Persons with Disability (PwD)/Transgender category is given relaxation of 5%.
  • Candidates should have a post-graduation degree from a UGC-recognized college or university in relevant streams such as Electronic Science, Humanities, Computer Science & Applications, Social Science etc.
  • Candidates appearing or waiting for their final year results (master’s degree) are also eligible to apply online for UGC NET. However, such candidates will be accepted provisionally and will be considered eligible only when they pass their master’s exam with the required percentage. “Such candidates need to complete their PG degree examination within two years from the date of NET result with required percentage of marks, failing which they shall be treated as disqualified”, notifies the Official website.
  • Those who hold PhD degree whose master’s exams completed on September 19, 1991, are eligible for a relaxation of five percent marks in the aggregate i.e. only 50 percent marks will be required for such candidates.
  • Candidates who have qualified as CA or CS or ICWA can appear for the UGC NET exam.
  • SC students are applicable for National Fellowship based on the merit of each UGC-NET-JRF or CSIR-NET-JRF examination.


A candidate should be an Indian national to be eligible for UGC NET Recruitment. He should have any of the following document to prove his nationality:

  1. Birth Certificate
  2. Aadhar Card
  3. Pan Card
  4. School Leaving Certificate

UGC NET Philosophy Admit Card

The candidates must go through the below mentioned steps to download the UGC NET Admit Card.

Step 1: Click the direct link above to download the UGC NET Admit Card 2022.

Step 2: Candidates are required to enter their Login ID, date of birth, and security pin correctly.

Step 3: Click on the login button provided.

Step 4: Your UGC NET Admit Card will appear on your screen.

Step 5: Alternatively, you can also visit the UGC NET Official Website.

Step 6: The homepage of UGC NET will appear.

Step 7: Click the link “Download UGC NET Admit Card 2022.”

Step 8: Repeat the steps above mentioned downloading the admit card.

Step 9: Download it and take a print out of your admit card.

Step 10: Keep it safe for future reference.

UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus

Paper-I Syllabus

The UGC NET exam paper shall consist of two sessions Paper-I and Paper-II. The paper-I of UGC NET shall be a general paper based on teaching and aptitude regarding research. It shall consist of 50 Objective Type questions. The paper 2 of UGC NET shall comprise of specialization or any particular subject selected by the candidate. It shall also consist of 100 questions of objective type. There shall be a total of 84 specialization subjects for the UGC NET paper 2.

UGC NET Paper-I ( A General Paper on the Teaching & Research Aptitude) is actually quite common but mandatory for all aspirants. Go through the complete UGC NET Paper-I Syllabus 2022 as mentioned below:

Paper-I Unit wise Subjects

Paper-I Topics Given

Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude

  • Teaching: Concept, objectives, levels of teaching (memory, understanding & reflective), characteristics along with basic requirements
  • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent & adult learners (academic, social, emotional & cognitive), individual differences
  • Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment as well as Institution
  • Methods of teaching in universities of higher learning: Teacher centered against. learner-centred methods; offline against online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs, etc.).
  • Teaching support system: Traditional, modern as well as ICT based
  • Evaluation systems: Elements & types of evaluation, evaluation in Choice Based Credit System as in higher education, computer-based testing, innovations which take place in evaluation systems

Unit-II: In case of Research Aptitude

  • Research: Meaning, Types, & characteristics, positivism as well as a post-positivist approach to research
  • Methods of research: Experimental, descriptive, historical, qualitative and quantitative methods
  • Steps for conducting a research
  • Thesis & article writing: Format as well as styles of referencing
  • Application of ICT in the research field
  • Ethical research

Unit-III: Comprehension

  • A passage of text shall be given. Questions shall be asked from the passage from where it is to be answered

Unit-IV: Communication

  • Communication: Meaning, types & characteristics of communication
  • Effective communication: Verbal & non-verbal, inter-cultural & group communications, classroom communication
  • Barriers in case of effective communication
  • Mass-media & society

Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning & Aptitude

  • Types of reasoning
  • Number series, letter series, codes & relationships
  • Mathematical aptitude (fraction, time and distance, ratio, proportion & percentage, profit & loss, interest & discounting, averages, etc.)

Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning

  • Understanding the structure of arguments: Argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, mood & figure, formal with informal fallacies, uses of language, connotations as well as denotations of terms, the classical square of opposition
  • Evaluating & distinguishing deductive & inductive reasoning
  • Analogies
  • Venn diagram: Simple & multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments
  • Indian Logic: Means of knowledge
  • Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) & Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension)
  • Structure with kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasa (fallacies of inference)

Unit-VII: Data Interpretation

  • Sources, acquisition & classification of data
  • Quantitative & qualitative data
  • Graphical representation (bar-chart, histograms, pie-chart, table-chart & line-chart) along with mapping of the required data
  • Data interpretation
  • Data & governance

Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

  • ICT: General abbreviations & terminology
  • Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio & Video-conferencing
  • Digital initiatives in terms of higher education
  • ICT & Governance

Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment

  • Development & environment: Millennium development with Sustainable development goals
  • Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities & their impacts on the environment
  • Environmental issues: Local, regional & global; air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), climate change & its socio-economic and political dimensions
  • Impacts of pollutants on human health
  • Natural & energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear & Forests
  • Natural hazards & disasters: Mitigation strategies
  • Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance

Unit-X: Higher Education System

  • Institutions of higher learning & education in ancient India
  • Evolution of higher learning & research in post-independence India
  • Oriental, conventional & non-conventional learning programs in India
  • Professional, technical along with skill-based education.
  • Value education & environmental education
  • Policies, governance, as well as administration

Paper-II Syllabus

It is an online exam that aspirants give to become lecturers, Assistant professors, and JRF in all Indian Universities and colleges. The exam will have 100 questions of 2 marks each from Philosophy subject. The main aim of this paper is to test the knowledge of candidates in the Philosophy subject. 




Unit 1. Classical Indian: Epistemology and Metaphysics

Vedic and Upaniṣadic: Ṛta – the cosmic order, the divine and the human realms; the centrality of the institution of yajῆa (sacrifice), theories of creation Ātman – Self ( and not – self ), Jāgrat, Svapna, Susupti and turiya, Brahmaṇ

Jainism: Concept of reality – sat, dravya, guṇa, paryāya, Jiva, ajiva, anekāntavāda, syādvāda and nayavāda; theory of knowledge

Buddhism: Four Noble Truths, Āstangika Mārga, Distinction between Brahmiṇic and Śraminic traditions. Pratityasamutpāda, kṣaṇabhahgavāda, anātmavāda. Schools of Buddhism : Vaibhāṣika, Sautrāntika, Yogacāra, Mādhyamika and Tibetan Buddhism

Nyāya: Pramā and apramā, Theories of pramāṇa: pratyakṣa, anumāna, upamana, śabda. Hetvabhāsa. Concept of God. Debate between Buddhism and Nyāya about Pramāṇa-Vyavasthā and Pramāṇa Samplava. Anyathākhyati

Vaiśeṣika: Concept of padārtha and its kinds, Asatkāryavāda, Kinds of Kāraṇa: samavāyi, asamavāyi, and nimitta kāraṇa, paramaṇukaraṇavāda

Sāṃkhya: Satkāryavāda, prakṛti and its evolutes, arguments for the existence of prakṛti, nature of puruṣa, arguments for the existence and plurality of puruṣa, relationship between puruṣa and prakṛti, atheism.

Yoga: Pataῆjali’s Theory of Pramāṇa, concept of ćitta and ćitta – vṛtti, stages of ćittbhumi, the role of God in Yoga.

Purva – Mimāṃsā: Pramāṇyavāda: Svatah-pramāṇyavāda and Paratah-pramāṇyavada, Śruti and its importance, classification of śruti-vākyas, vidhi, niṣedha and arthavāda, dharma, bhāvanā, śabda-nityavāda, Jāti, śaktivada; Kumārila and Prabhākara Schools of Mimāṃsa and their major points of difference, triputi – samvit, jῆatatā, abhāva and anupalabdhi, anvitadbhidhanavāda, abhihitanvayavāda, Theories of error: Akhyāti, Viparitakhyāti, atheism.


Advaita: Brahmaṇ, relation between Brahmaṇ and Ātman, three grades of sattā, Adhyāsa, māya, Jiva, Vivartavāda, Anirvachniya-khyāti.

Viśiṣtādvaita: Saguṇa Brahmaṇ, refutation of māya, aprthaksiddhi pariṇāmavāda, Jiva, bhakti and prapatti, Brahma-Pariṇāmavāda, Sat-khyāti.

Dvaita: Rejection of nirguṇa brahmaṇ and māya, bheda and sāksi, bhakti.

Dvaitavaita: Concept of Jῆānaswaroop, kinds of inanimate

Sudhadvaita: Concept of Avikrta-pariṇāmavāda.

Unit 2. Classical Western: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern : Epistemology and Metaphysics

Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Thales, Anaxagoras, Anaximenies, Ionians, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Heraclitus and Democritus,

The Sophists and Socrates

Plato and Aristotle:

Plato – Theory of knowledge, knowledge and opinion, theory of Ideas, the method of dialectic, soul and God.

Aristotle – Classification of the sciences, the theoretical, the practical and the productive, logic as an organon, critique of Plato’s theory of Ideas, theory of causation, form and matter, potentiality and actuality, soul and God.

Medieval Philosophy:

  • St. Augustine: Problem of Evil.
  • St. Anselm: Ontological argument.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas: Faith and Reason, Essence and Existence, the Existence of God.

Modern Western Philosophy:

Descartes: Conception of method , Criteria of truth, doubt and methodological scepticism, cogito ergo sum, innate ideas, Cartesian dualism: mind and matter, proofs for the existence of God, interactionism

Spinoza: Substance, Attribute and Mode, the concept of ‘God or Nature’, Intellectual love of God, parallelism, pantheism, three orders of knowing.

Leibnitz: Monadology, truths of reason and fact, innateness of ideas, proofs for the existence of God, principles of non – contradiction, sufficient reason and identity of indiscernibles, the doctrine of pre -established harmony, problem of freedom

Locke: Ideas and their classification, refutation of innate ideas, theory of substance, distinction between primary and secondary qualities, theory of knowledge, three grades of knowledge. Berkeley: Rejection of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, immaterialism, critique of abstract ideas, esse est percipi, the problem of solipsism; God and self

Hume: Impressions and ideas, knowledge concerning relations of ideas and knowledge concerning matters of fact, induction and causality, the external world and the self, personal identity, rejection of metaphysics, scepticism, reason and the passions

Kant: The critical philosophy, classification of judgements, possibility of synthetic a priori judgements, the Copernican revolution, forms of sensibility, categories of understanding, the metaphysical and the transcendental deduction of the categories, phenomenon and noumenon, the Ideas of Reason – soul, God and world as a whole, rejection of speculative metaphysics. Hegel: The conception of Geist (spirit), the dialectical method, concepts of being, non – being and becoming, absolute idealism, Freedom.

Unit 3. Indian Ethics

  • Concept of Purusārtha, Śreyas and Preyas
  • Varṇāshrama, Dharma, Sādhāraṇa Dharma
  • Ṛna and yajῆa, Concept of duty
  • Karma-yoga, Sthitprajῆa, Svadharma, Lokasaṃgraha
  • Apurva and Adṛṣta
  • Sādhya-Sādhana, Itikartavyata
  • Law of Karma: ethical implications
  • Ṛta and Satya
  • Yoga-kśema
  • Astānga Yoga
  • Jainism: Samvara-nirjarā, Tri-ratṇa, Panch-vrata
  • Buddhism: Upāya-Kaushal, Brahma-vihāra: matri, karuṇā, muditā, upeksha, bodhisattva
  • Carvaka’s Hedonism

Unit 4. Western Ethics

  • Concepts of Good, right, justice, duty, obligation, cardinal virtues, Eudaemonism, Intuition as explained in Teleological and Deontological Theories
  • Egoism, Altruism, Universalism
  • Subjectivism, Cultural Relativism, Super-naturalism
  • Ethical realism and Intuitionism
  • Kant’s moral theory: Postulates of morality, Good-will, Categorical Imperative, Duty, Mean and ends, Maxims
  • Utilitarianism: principle of utility, problem of sanction and justification of morality, kinds of utilitarianism, Moral theories of Bentham, J. S. Mill, Sidgwick
  • Theories of Punishment
  • Ethical cognitivism and non-cognitivism: Emotivism, Prescriptivism, Descriptivism

Unit 5. Contemporary Indian Philosophy

  • Vivekananda: Practical Vedanta, Universal Religion, Religious Experience, Religious Rituals
  • Sri Aurobindo: Evolution, mind and supermind, Integral Yoga
  • Iqbal: Self, God, man and superman, Intellect and Intuition
  • Tagore: Religion of man, ideas on education, Concept of Nationalism
  • K. C. Bhattacharyya: Swaraj in ideas, Concept of Philosophy, subject as Freedom, the doctrine of Maya
  • Radhakrishnan: Intellect and intuition, the Idealist view of life, concept of Universal Religion, Hindu view of life
  • J. Krishnamurti: Conception of thought, Freedom from the known, analysis of self, Choiceless awareness
  • Gandhi: Truth, Non-violence, satyagraha, swaraj, critique of modern civilization. Ambedkar: Annihilation of caste, philosophy of Hinduism, Neo-Buddhism
  • D.D. Upadhyaya: Integral Humanism, Advaita Vedanta, Purusartha
  • Narayana Guru: spiritual freedom and social equality, one caste, one religion, one God. Tiruvallur: Tirukkural
  • Jyotiba Phule: Critical understanding of Caste-system
  • M.N.Roy: Radical Humanism, Materialism
  • Maulana Azad: Humanism

Unit 6. Recent Western Philosophy

Analytic and Continental Philosophy:

  • Frege: Sense and Reference
  • Logical Positivism: Verification theory of meaning, Elimination of metaphysics, concept of Philosophy
  • Moore: Distinction between Sense and Reference, Refutation of Idealism, Defense of commonsense, Proof of an External World
  • Russell: Logical Atomism, Definite Descriptions, Refutation of Idealism
  • Wittgenstein: Language and Reality, Facts and objects, names and propositions, the picture theory, critique of private language, meaning and use, forms of life, notion of philosophy, Wittgensteinian Fideism, On Certainty.
  • Gilbert Ryle: Systematically misleading expressions, category mistake, concept of mind, critique of Cartesian dualism
  • A. J. Ayer: The Problem of Knowledge
  • W.V.O. Quine: Two Dogmas of Empiricism
  • H.P. Grice and P.F. Strawson: In Defense of a dogma
  • Phenomenology and Existentialism
  • Husserl: Phenomenological Method, Philosophy as a rigorous science, Intentionality, Phenomenological Reduction, Inter-subjectivity
  • Heidegger: The concept of Being (Dasein), Man as being in the world, critique of technological civilization
  • Kierkegaard: Subjectivity as Truth, Leap of faith
  • Sartre: Concept of Freedom, Bad-faith, Humanism
  • Morleau-Ponty: Perception, Embodied Consciousness
  • Pragmatism
  • William James: Pragmatic Theories of Meaning and Truth, Varieties of Religious experience John Dewey: Concept of Truth, Common-faith, education
  • Post-Modernism
  • Nietzsche: Critique of Enlightenment, Will to Power, Genealogy of Moral
  • Richard Rorty: Critique of representationalism, Against Epistemological method, Edifying Philosophy
  • Immanuel Levinas: Ethics as a first philosophy, Philosophy of ‘other’

Unit 7. Social and Political Philosophy: Indian

  • Mahabharata: Danda-niti, foundations, Rajdharma, Law and Governance, Narada’s Questions to King Yudhisthir
  • Kautilya: Sovereignty, Seven Pillars of State-craft, State, Society, Social-life, State administration, State economy, law and justice, internal security, welfare and external affairs Kamandaki: Social order and State elements
  • Constitutional Morality, Secularism and Fundamental Rights
  • Constitutionalism, Total revolution, terrorism, Swadeshi, Satyagrah, Sarvodaya, Social Democracy, State Socialism, Affirmative Action, Social Justice
  • Social Institutions: Family, Marriage, property, education and religion
  • Colonialism

Unit 8. Social and Political Philosophy: Western

  • Plato: Ideal State and Justice
  • Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau: Social Contract Theory
  • Isaiah Berlin: Conceptions of Liberty
  • Bernard Williams: Idea of Equality
  • Liberalism: Rawls; Distributive justice, Nozick; Justice as Entitlement, Dworkin; Justice as equality; Amartya Sen: Global Justice, Freedom and Capability
  • Marxism: Dialectical Materialism, Alienation, Critique of Capitalism, Doctrine of Class Struggle and Classless Society
  • Communitarianism: Communitarian critique of liberal self, Universalism Vs. Particularism, Theory of Charles Taylor, MacIntyre, Michael Sandel
  • Multiculturalism: Charles Taylor; Politics of recognition, Will Kymlicka; conception of Minority Rights
  • Feminism: Basic Concepts: Patriarchy, misogyny, Gender, Theories of Feminism; Liberal, Socialist, radical and eco-feminism

Unit 9. Logic

  • Truth and Validity
  • Denotation and Connotation
  • Nature of Propositions
  • Categorical Syllogism
  • Laws of thought
  • Classification of Propositions
  • Square of Opposition
  • Truth-Functions and Propositional Logic
  • Quantification and Rules of Quantification
  • Symbolic Logic: Use of symbols
  • Decision Procedures: Truth Table, Using Truth- Tables for testing the validity of arguments Venn Diagram, informal and formal Fallacies
  • Proving Validity, Argument and Argument-form
  • Axiomatic System, Consistency, Completeness
  • Differences between Deductive and Inductive Logic

Unit 10. Applied Philosophy

What is applied Philosophy?

Philosophy of Technology; technology, dominance, power and social inequalities Democratization of Technology

Public evaluation of science and technology

Ethical Implication of information technology, bio-technology, non-technology

  • Environmental Ethics: Nature as means or end, Aldo-Leopold; land-ethics, Arne Naess: Deep Ecology, Peter Singer; Animal Rights
  • Medical-Ethics: Surrogacy, Doctor-patient relationship, abortion, euthanasia, female-infanticide Professional Ethics: Corporate Governance and ethical responsibility
  • Media Ethics: ethical issues in Privacy, cyber space, pornography, representation and differences-marginalization
  • Legal Ethics: law and morality, Legal Obligation, Authority and Validity of Law
  • Philosophical Counseling: Managing everyday problems

UGC NET Philosophy Exam Pattern

The CBT examination is conducted for aspirants aspiring to become lecturers, Assistant professors, and JRF in Indian colleges and Universities.


Number of questions

Total marks


Paper I General paper on Teaching and Research Aptitude



3 Hours

Paper - II Concerned subjects



Other Related NET Exams

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) UGC NET Philosophy Exam

Q. What is the Syllabus of UGC NET Philosophy Exam?
A. In this article Page, we have provided the latest syllabus of the UGC NET Philosophy exam. The syllabus of UGC NET Philosophy comprises the topics and sub-topics under sections, Knowledge of UGC NET Philosophy syllabus helps candidates to focus on their preparation and important areas of each subject.
Q. What is pattern of UGC NET Philosophy Exam?
A. In this article Page, we have provided the latest exam pattern of the UGC NET Philosophy exam . The pattern of comprises the subject wise pattern and no. of questions will come in exam, go to our article section of exam pattern for more details.
Q. Which is the best Mock test series for the UGC NET Philosophy Exam?
A. At Studyclap, candidates can practice a complete set of Mock Test Series, along with a free mock test designed by our well qualified and expert faculty Team.
Q. How to prepare for the UGC NET Philosophy Exam?
A. To prepare for UGC NET Philosophy exam, candidates should go through the exam syllabus and exam pattern, solve mock tests, practice previous years' question papers. Try to clear the concepts of each and every topic rather than cramming. Set a time to go over the chapters, Differentiate weak areas and work to improve them. Solve puzzles to improve logical skill.
Q. How to Download UGC NET Philosophy Exam Syllabus PDF?
A. Candidates can download UGC NET Philosophy exam syllabus PDF from our website for free. Candidates need to only register with us to download the exam syllabus.

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